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The Evolving Standards of Mesh Networking

Mesh networking refers to the architecture behind wireless local area networks (or WLANs). These self-healing wireless networks are comprised of multiple nodes (routing or access points) that distribute and share data and voice between one another. A mesh network can reconfigure itself automatically to make up for a downed node or pathway, for example.

The first iteration of mesh networks dates back to the late 1990s during the rise of WiFi, the wireless protocol that web-enabled Internet cafes with wireless connections.

Mesh networking is gaining momentum because it is more flexible, cost-effective and reliable than traditional LAN or T1 services. However, the main problem with mesh today is in the area of interoperability. Today a business essentially must commit to a single product vendor for its routers, radios, etc. if it wants the different access points to operate together. Because no standard mesh protocol exists today, one vendor’s products cannot interoperate with another vendor’s products. This limits the choices for the user and the overall capabilities of mesh networks.

To address this issue and further the ability and ubiquity of mesh networking, the IEEE formed the ESS Mesh Networking Task Group. Their goal was to design a standard mesh protocol, allowing vendors to certify their equipment as “802.11s Certified” equipment. Today businesses the world over are eagerly awaiting the ratification of the new 802.11s standard.

Here is a quick look back at how mesh has evolved from its inception:

First Generation Mesh – Mobile ad-hoc networks (MANet) with sing-radio mesh at each access point. These were first designed by universities for the military. Their goal was to use mesh networking on the battlefield. While the first iteration of the mesh network did in fact work, it came with significant congestion of data/voice traffic. This was mainly due to the fact that each access point had only a single radio for all traffic. The first product offered was designed by Mesh Networks Inc. Data Mesh This product offering was very expensive and worked at a much lower power output than mesh networks use today. Similar products followed using Ad-Hoc On Demand Vector routing (AODV) developed jointly by Ultramesh Inc, and Locustworld Inc.

Second Generation Mesh – New protocols emerged, in fact there are more than 70 competing schemes for routing packets across mesh networks. Some of these include:

AODV (Ad-hoc On Demand Distance Vector) B.A.T.M.A.N. (Better Approach To Mobile Adhoc Networking) PWRP (Predictive Wireless Routing Protocol) DSR (Dynamic Source Routing) OLSR (Optimized Link State Routing protocol) TORA (Temporally-Ordered Routing Algorithm) HSLS (Hazy-Sighted Link State)

This morass of protocols and products has fractured the industry and caused a weakening of the value of mesh as a valued infrastructure option.

Forthcoming 802.11S Mesh – 802.11s defines a default mandatory routing protocol (Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol, or HWMP), yet allows vendors to operate using alternate protocols, one of which is described in the draft (Radio Aware Optimized Link State Routing). HWMP is inspired by a combination of AODV (RFC 3561[1] ) and tree-based routing, while RA-OLSR is based on OLSR (RFC 3626[2]). Once this standard is ratified, certifications of interoperability will allow a vendor to stamp their products as 802.11s. The Future – Mesh as a whole will still suffer from the restrictions of WiFi and even the nearly ratified WiMax protocols. Wireless data radios are still in their infancy, and new breakthroughs happen nearly every week. One of these innovations, Software Defined Radio (SDR), will allow an unprecedented ability to transmit and receive signals. Custom waveforms, clear channel send and receive, and other benefits of SDR will break wireless networks free from their current restrictive bonds.

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The Lottery Tickets Online That Will Brighten Your Day Satta Matka

Camelot, the UK’s lottery operators, go to great lengths to try and marry up the larger unclaimed Lotto and EuroMillions prizes with the winning ticket holders. They advertise the fact that there is an unclaimed prize in the area where the ticket was purchased, increasing the coverage as the 180 day deadline approaches. It’s not unusual for the operators to receive 100’s of claims when one of the larger prizes go unclaimed from players who lost their tickets, even if they didn’t know the numbers they selected on those tickets. If claimants can match the time that they say they bought the ticket along with the retailer the ticket was purchased through, then The National Lottery would usually launch an investigation. Valid claims can often be confirmed by using CCTV footage. If a ticket was purchased through a Post Office then it’s likely that the purchaser would be caught on screen. If an investigation turns up a likely valid claimant but not one that they can be sure of beyond any doubt, Camelot would wait until the 180 day claim period had expired just to make sure that no-one else claims the prize. Matka If they haven’t then on occasion, the operators have paid out the prize.

There’s another reason why winnings can remain unclaimed. Players are often in shock when they discover they have won a life changing amount of money. It’s not uncommon for some players to wait days or even weeks before making a claim whilst they let it ‘sink in’.

The best ways in which you can make sure that you don’t lose out on a lottery prize in the UK is to buy your National Lottery tickets online. Online ticket winners are notified automatically within hours of the draw taking place. There hasn’t yet been an online ticket winner who hasn’t received their winnings. It’s also a great way to make sure that you never miss out on buying a ticket. Set up a direct debit and you’ll never miss a draw again. It also saves you having to check the results after each draw. Just sit back and wait and see if you receive a ‘News About Your Ticket!’ email. When you do there’s always that few seconds where you can dream of winning a jackpot before discovering in most cases that all you’ve actually won is a tenner.


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Why Lottery Tickets Online Are Worth the Money Satta Matka

In any year 50,000 people from several different countries are granted a lottery green card through the Green Card Lottery. This takes an application to the U.S. Department of State to start the procedure.

You might also hear the Lottery Green Card referred to as the Diversity Immigrant Visa Program because this is the official name for it. Anyone working within the government may call it by this name. Once all the applications from the Lottery are entered into the system, a computer randomly picks names. The Department of State then goes over each application to make sure it meets all the requirements. If it does, they move on to processing the application and if not, the application is rejected.

In order to be eligible people must be from specific countries around the world that the United States considers as “under represented” in the country. These people will be given the priority to receive a lottery green card if everything is in order. Although 50,000 people are granted these visas more applications may have to be examined before all 50,000 people are chosen.

The Green Card Lottery happens every year but they are always working on visa for two years out. As an example, if you apply in 2009, you will be working on 2011 in order to get your lottery green card. The challenge with obtaining a lottery green card is the fact that you are only notified if they have decided to grant you one; you will not hear from them if your number did not come up.

To apply for a lottery green card you only have to go to the U.S. Department of State website and fill out an application. Satta You will also have to send information to them that includes two photo ids and other documentation that is given to you when you apply. Be sure to send all of your information in with your application because if you do not, your application will be rejected and someone else will get your spot.

Another very important issue is that there are many websites who say they can get you a better number within the Green Card Lottery or that they can help you get a lottery green card faster. The U.S. Department of State says this is not true. In fact, they have put a fraud alert on these types of websites because they often take a persons money and do not help them.

It is also important to note that you will receive an official letter if your application is approved for a lottery green card. It will come in the official government envelope. They never will send you an email so if you receive an email that says you have won the Green Card Lottery it is a fraud.

Education and Work Standards for Lottery Green Card

In order to receive a lottery green card the individual will need to have one of several professions that are within five “job zones” that have been created by the Department of Labor. These job zones are printed in the O*Net which is an online database of job information. All applicants can go to the O*Net to make sure that their profession is in one of the categories that the United States needs. In addition, an individual will need two years of experience at their job, a high school diploma or something similar and they will need a successful 12 years in an elementary and secondary education. Once this information is completed an individual will only need to wait until their number is called.


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How to Perfect Your Telecom Audit Process

A Telecom audit is an important process for any organization. Human error, failure to pay close attention to details, constraint of time in checking long telecom bills, and insufficient knowledge of new technology and regulations – these mistakes can take a toll on the revenue of a company. Avoiding all these potential problems is an integral part of the expense management of an organization. Many small losses can add up to a huge amount. In order to curb this waste, organizations can either use an automated telecom audit tool, a Telecom Management professional, or a combination of the two.

Telecom audit is a process that helps to detect and reveal even the smallest errors that waste money. Thus, it provides an opportunity not only to recover lost revenue, but also ensures that errors are not repeated.

Telecom audit ideally has three stages:

Acquiring Documents to Create an Inventory Database

The first stage involves the collection of telecom invoices. These invoices show the costs over time and the customer records. Telecom audit companies at times use software in this stage that both acts as a database and helps in analyzing trends.

Depending on the size of your company, just collecting these invoices could be a very time-consuming job. 085 nummer aanvragen Start with the local phone bills and work outward. The long distance bills may be on the same invoice or billed separately. Wireless services can be billed as a group or individual accounts. Check to see if each bill matches with a known phone. For Internet service bills, they may be on a separate bill or, if the local provider offers broadband with local service, they may be with the local phone invoice.

The next thing to collect is voice and data service contracts. These include local and long distance service, wireless phones, telecom equipment and any maintenance service agreements.

Make the time to request your Customer Service Records (CSRs) from your provider. Your providers may take a few weeks to get to your requests, but it’s worth the wait. These records contain your unique data that will ultimately be the foundation of your telecom audit. They are written in Universal Service Order Codes (USOC) and they are an itemized listing of all your lines, services, and features.

You should also gather any agreements for Directory Advertising or Yellow Pages. If your company is large, sometimes a publicity or advertising department handles these agreements. The documents are important because they will specify the rates that apply to all advertising, when it was ordered and by whom.

Other documents to get access to are tariffs. Tariffs are the provider’s official documents that break down all the rules, service offers, rates, etc. that they offer. You can find these rules on your provider’s website. Also gather any tax information that applies to your company. Charities, schools, churches, and some nonprofit organizations may be exempt from state and/or federal taxes.

Analyzing All the Data

The second stage of audit involves the comparison of inventory costs against pricing plans. And the first thing required is an inventory audit. In this section, you look at your organization’s inventory of telecom assets. Instead of looking for spot errors, this kind of telecom audit looks for trend information. This data aids the company in deciding whether it needs to expand its telecom resources or to re-deploy its existing resources.

Now a comparison of cost against pricing plans can be made. Here’s where a telecom audit firm can be very helpful. They keep a record of current pricing and tariff changes. With the help of these records and databases, the audit firms can provide a cost effective plan for their clients.

Reporting and Recommendations

The third and crucial stage involves reports and recommendations. If you are doing this audit yourself, after looking at all the data, this is where you decide where you might be able to save money. A telecom audit firm will also give you their reports and recommendations at this time. Along with the presentation of their reports and analysis, they also give their suggestions for improvements and savings that have been identified in the process.

They may find errors in you bills and suggest disputing some charges. They may find credits you never received and apply for refunds for you. Today’s telecom bills contain many errors that you won’t find unless you do an audit.

Since billing errors play havoc on draining the organization’s capital, partnering with companies that provide solutions to check such errors is becoming increasingly popular. When using a telecom-auditing firm, there are two ways to approach it. One of them is the “contingency” method, where the telecom audit firms receive a percentage of the money they saved clients. The second can be a “fixed fee” approach. Generally, small and medium firms go for the contingency process, whereas large firms go for the second approach, as it is easier to manage.

No matter which approach a firm takes, one thing that needs to be kept in mind is that telecom audits should be conducted by both big and small businesses to keep a check on their expenses. The telecom audit process is complex and time-consuming, but fortunately, there are companies that provide such services, and instituting a regular telecom audit can ensure cost optimization for any firm, and almost surely improve its bottom line.


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Where Have All the Good Domain Names Gone?

Anyone who has started an online business or done research to start one, has had to ask themselves this question, “Where have all the good domain names gone?” And its a very important question. After all, you do not want to have to settle for “MyWidgetsarebetterthananyoneselses dot com” just because everything shorter has already been registered.

Unfortunately, all the very good domain names have been taken for a long time. The short and memorable ones became very valuable right away. Names like and sold for around a Million dollars back in 1999. Now those names are worth much much more than that. The dotcom bust brought domain name values down for a short period, but they begin rising again around 2003 and are now high above the Dotcom bubble levels.

It was not long after that, that all of the single word dictionary words had been registered. At first it was mainly the dot com extension that was being bought up. Dot com is still King and considered the most valuable, but other extensions are gaining ground. Of course now, all the good domain names are registered in ALL extensions.

So how are these names being used? Are they all pointing to a website business? Why would someone register a name and not use it?

Most very good domain names are being used for Online business models. domeinnaam kopen zonder hosting Domain names can be used to attract traffic on a parked site like DomainSpa lets advertisers put ads, relevant to the domain name, on the pages they build for the name. When someone goes to your parked page and clicks on an ad, the advertiser pays DomainSpa for that lead and then DomainSpa splits that money with the domain owner. Many good domains are being used to monetize direct navigation traffic from parked pages.

The best of these are the kind that you would naturally type into your browser navigation bar, rather than do a search for. If you were interested in finding information on “Widgets” would you just type that into your browser, or would you do a search? What makes domain names really valuable are the ones that are so easy to remember that you would use the direct navigation method rather than a search.

The main reason for the direct method is that you are pretty sure if you type in “” that you will end up on a site that has good information on widgets. If you do a search, who knows what you might find. We have all been there, you get to a list of sites on Google or Yahoo and say to yourself, what is all this crap? Did you notice that I typed in the dot com for widgets? Why not dot net or something else? That is why the dot com is still considered more valuable, its what you think of automatically. Dot com was the first extension widely used and originally was intended for “Commercial”use. The dot net was for Internet type services, if I remember right, and the dot org was to be used for “Organizations” mainly charities. Since then ICANN, the organization that oversees the domain name process, has added dozens of extensions. To name just a few, .info, .biz, .name, .us and so on. The .us is considered a cctld “country code top level domain” like .de for Germany .fr for France.

So, as you can see, even with all those extra extensions, good domain names are hard to find. Unless you know where to look. You should realise by now that a good domain name is a very valuable asset to your business. In some cases it can make or break a business. If you have a difficult to spell or hard to remember domain name, a lot of your customers will end up at a competitors website when trying to get to yours. You could also end up spending a lot of money on Google AdWords or Yahoo search ads to get people to your website. It is a Great benefit to have a easy to remember and RELEVANT domain name.

How do I get a good domain name? Now that you have a good idea what makes a good domain name, lets try to find you one. Keep in mind that the cost of your domain names is probably going to be much higher than you originally thought. You can still find reasonably good after market names (Ones that some already owns, but is willing to sell) for as little as $500, on average good domain names fall in the $1000 to $10,000 range.

The very best names are going for tens to hundreds of thousands or even Millions of dollars. recently sold for $5,000,00.00 I believe. Also keep in mind that whatever you pay for a name it is likely to become one of your most valuable assets. The more you pay, the better the name (usually) and the more natural traffic you might get for free. Some very good names might not have much natural type in traffic but still be the perfect fit for your business. If your selling mainly Mystery books then would be a perfect name. This name might not get much type in traffic, but it is so easy to remember that it could be promoted easily.

Now, pick a name that most relates to your business. If it is a short one word name it is surly already taken. Try adding My,i,e,go, or any short phrase that would make sense, to the front of the name. When you have a selection of possible names, go to a Registrar like, there are hundreds of these, where you can register names for as little as $8.99 Try the ones you have selected. If none are available keep working on other combinations.

Remember, you want one that is easy to spell and remember. Once you have gotten to the point that you realize your not going to find an acceptable one to register, then you are faced with the reality that yow will be paying more for a after market domain name(One that is already registered but the owner is willing to sell). While your still at the registrar you might check the “WhoIs” information on the names you wanted the most.

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Google Web Page SEO – Secrets of Listing on Google’s First Page

Every business owner I consult with views a Google first page listing as the holy grail of online business marketing.

It’s rare to discuss any business growth strategies without someone complaining they can’t get their products & services on the first page on Google.

Google web page SEO secrets of listing on Google first page outlines strategies for the first page of Google. This Google website page first technology placement is achievable.

I consult for several different business across 42 different countries and I have noticed a definitive shift in conventional business marketing during the last three years.

Business owners are becoming more comfortable with internet business and e-commerce trading. On-page SEO I have noticed a sharp increase in the number of conventional businesses making the transition to an online presence.

And why not. E-commerce offers all businesses a tremendous opportunity for exponential business growth by tapping into additional complimentary revenue streams that they could not access in a conventional business.

One should think of search engines as contemporary dinosaurs, i.e. huge monsters who dominate the world of online marketing. In reality Google is the biggest meanest search engine in the land. This is why business owners and marketing specialists are keen to achieve a Google first page listing.

Google Web Page SEO Secrets Of Listing On Google First Page # 1 Natural Organic Listing

A first page of Google on the left side of the Google website page, is what is referred to as natural or organic listing.

Whenever customers search for a product or service on the Google submit page and land on the Google results page they are 4 to 6 times more likely to buy from a search engine organic listing than from a sponsored link or Pay Per Click listing.

In relation to first technology, the first page on Google is king. Some business consultants refer to this concept as pages Google.

Google Web Page SEO Secrets Of Listing On Google First Page # 2 Pay Per Click PPC

One of the quickest ways to get on the first page of Google is to invest in a pay per click marketing campaign to run on the Google website page.

In no time at all you can rise up the first page on Google by simply paying more than your competitors.

One of the best kept SEO secrets is that a new business can place higher on the PPC Google results page than a huge competitor who has been trading for many years. From a first technology perspective PPC advertising on the Google submit page offers many added value benefits for your online marketing campaign.

Google Web Page SEO Secrets Of Listing On Google First Page # 3 Search Engine Optimisation SEO

SEO on the Google website page is one of the best kept SEO secrets. Unfortunately many online marketing companies exploit what is known as first technology.

By this I mean many SEO specialists prefer to baffle conventional business owners with first technology black art terminology.

Some SEO marketing companies deliberately mislead non techie business owners by informing them they need a lead time of anything from 9 to 18 months to achieve a natural first page of Google listing for your products or services.

In reality if you know a trust worthy SEO specialist he or she can get you a natural organic SEO listing on the first page on Google in a week and sometimes less.

Google Web Page SEO Secrets Of Listing On Google First Page # 4 Top 5 Listing

When business customers search via the Google submit page a top five listing on the Google results page demonstrates a sense of confidence in online buyers.

This is known in first technology parlance as positioning ‘above the scroll on pages Google.’ I am of course referring to a top 5 listing on the first page of Google for natural organic searches.

Google Web Page SEO Secrets Of Listing On Google First Page # 5 SEO Page Domination

If as already discussed, we know that online buyers are 4 to 6 times more likely to purchase products and services from a natural organic first page on Google. And we know that customers have more confidence in companies placing in natural search engine placement then it makes good business sense to try and dominate the organic rankings.

The very best way to dominate the search engine rankings is to employ the services of a professional business writer who is trained and skilled at writing proven successful articles about business products and/or services which have proven successful at dominating the search engine natural organic listings.

Online SEO business writers agree that any article which places 3 times in the top 10 positions on any search engine search page dominates the SEO page.

If this writer can gain high placement on pages Google then it is likely he or she will achieve similar high placement and domination on the other main search engines.

To view how a professional article can achieve SEO page domination cut and paste the following article title; Serious Organised Crime – Financial Scam By The British American Security Expert into Google MSN Bing, Yahoo, Ask or AOL and look at how many times the same article features on the first 3 pages of each search engine page.

As a matter of interest, when I just checked it out for myself, the same article actually placed in the 1st 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12, 13th,14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, & 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 28th, 29th & 30th, place on page 1 to 3.

I think any SEO specialist would consider this as true SEO page domination. It is worth mentioning that very, very few SEO marketing companies can achieve true SEO page domination despite the fact that most will tell you they can.

It’s a highly specialized marketing skill. Now if one places themselves in the mind-set of a prospective customer looking to buy products or services from the British American Security Expert for example, then he or she can only be seriously impressed at this SEO page domination.

It is worth mentioning that I am only advocating an ethical and legitimate method of dominating the organic rankings by virtue of specialized article writing and submission designed to appear multiple times on the Google results page.

Some SEO companies try to circumvent the search engine rankings by implementing unethical processes known in the SEO business as Black Hat techniques. Attempting to implement any Black Hat techniques will result all of the main search engines black listing your business.

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What Are Your Chances/Odds of Winning Satta Matka

If you want to earn some amount of extra money without investing, much then playing at Euro Millions lottery is a good choice. This lottery system has become highly popular amongst players in European countries and you can become a part of this game as well if you fulfill the basic eligibility requirements.

Once you have checked the eligibility criteria and found yourself eligible for playing the game, it is time to start playing the game. Before you can play the game, you have to buy lottery ticket either online or in person from some National Lottery Agent. One thing about which all the players seem to be worried is odds of winning. If you are also looking for similar information, you have landed at the right place.

Playing the EuroMillions Lottery

The game of Euromillions Lottery is conducted in following manner:


  • Five numbers have to be chosen from 1 to 50 which are called main numbers
  • Two different numbers to be chosen from 1 to 9 that are known as lucky stars.


On every Tuesday and Friday, numbers are drawn randomly by using two different machines. Satta India One machine contains 50 balls in it and this machine is known as Stresa.

Apart from Stresa, a machine called Paquerette is used that contains nine balls in it and it is used for drawing lucky stars.

Odds of Winning the Euro Millions Lottery

Now once you are familiar with the game pattern it becomes easier to understand the chances of winning the game of EuroMillions lottery


  1. If a player wants to know the chances of winning the Euro Millions Jackpot then the odds of winning the game are rare. The odds of winning the jackpot at Euromillions are 1 in 76,275,360. With this number, you can easily gauge how difficult it is to win the jackpot.
  2. If you do not want to aim at jackpot and you are satisfied by winning any prize at Euro Millions lottery then you would be glad to know that the chances of winning the prize are high.


The odds of winning any prize are 1 in 24. The chances of winning in simple words can be interpreted as follows:

A player can win prizes twice a year if one ticket is played every week. Thus, if you play with more than one week every week then chances of winning the game would increase manifold times.

Myths about Odds of Winning the EuroMillions Lottery

Many people think that if they have not won any prize for consecutively 23 weeks then they would be winning the prize in 24th week without fail. However, this is not true as chances of winning the game every week is 1 in 24. Thus, one can never be sure about when he would be going to win the prize.

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Online Slots – How to Ensure That You Have Safe Game Play Online

More people are increasingly leaning towards going in for online slots owing to all the different advantages that it has to offer. It has become important to check out the different options that are out there so that you don’t end up choosing something that is not necessarily the right one for you. slot online gacor terpercaya Perhaps knowing some of the important things to look out for might help you understands how to identify and capitalize on the right kind of online slots. It is not really all that complicated, and takes only a little extra time to be sure about what you are going in for.

One of the most important things that you should check out with sites offering online slots is whether or not they are legitimate. Even if the site is in a foreign country, it can still be a legitimate one. Hence, you should take some time to review the website and read what others have to say about it. Only when you are completely sure about the website’s credentials should you go ahead and opt in for that particular website. It can get a little intimidating at first, but eventually, you will get the hang of it.

Next, you should use some safe method for transacting with the website. Take care to ensure that you don’t simply whip out your credit card information as soon as it has been asked for. By using some caution, it is possible to be sure that you are not going to spend a lot of time pursuing the people that ended up stealing from you. There are a lot of online payment services that are extremely safe and even free to use. Consider using one of these to pay for your online slots.

Finally, don’t ever get carried away with some promotional offers that sound too good to be true. If these offers are really that good, you should always double check them, just to be safe. It is important to remember that you don’t have to sign up for something that you are not actually interested in. slot gacor gampang menang If you need time to verify some offer, you should take time out and do so, before simply agreeing to terms and conditions without fully understanding them. Although most sites that offer online slots are completely legal, there are still a handful of illegitimate ones, that are preying on innocent individuals to get away with a lot of money.

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What You Need to Know About the Green Card Lottery Satta Matka

The diversity Immigrant Visa program or also known as, the green card lottery is a congressional mandated lottery program which gives out green cards. It is only done was a year by the Department of State and is conducted under the terms of Section 203 (c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. It has provided a new class of immigrants that are allowed in the United States. The program allows up to 50,000 permanent resident visas to go out annually to people from countries with low immigration rates to the United States.

A green card is one of the most important things to have in the United States; you should be prepared to get ripped off. If you ever hear that you have to pay a fee, you are in the process of being scammed, don’t ever offer to pay for the green card lottery. There is not fee to enter the lottery and the winners are chosen randomly. It doesn’t mean you become an instant citizen either. The lottery only allows you to apply. Rather you are accepted is to the judgment of the American Government.

To enter, you can log online to This site is only up and running during the application period. You are required to give a picture and any pictures of children or spouse under 21 years old. They all must be separate, no group photos. The site will list the requirements of the photograph.

The entry period is usually from October to December, satta but check with the State Department for future lotteries. You can only submit one entry during a lottery. Spouses will get a Diversity Visa based on the fact that their partner was selected. The requirements to enter are: Bring from an eligible country and by meetings the educational or training requirements. For the 2007 lottery, people from the following countries may not apply; Canada, China (only if from Hong Kong, Macau, or Taiwan), Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Russia, South Korea, United Kingdom (unless from Northern Ireland), and Vietnam.

You should always check with the State Department to determine your eligibility. As for the education, you will only need to complete a twelve-year course of elementary and secondary education. You will also be accepted if you have two years of working experience within an occupation from the past five years. Check the Department of Labor to determine if the work experience qualifies you.

As for the Scams, don’t trust anyone who says they are affiliated with the U.S. Government. Only the U.S. government conducts the Green card lottery. Also, don’t trust anyone who says they have expertise or a special entry form. All applicants fill out the same form. Don’t believe anything that sounds too good to be true like everyone qualifies or their company has an increase of winners. Everything is random and cannot offer anyone anything special.


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10 Steps on How to Develop a Business Properly

So you want to develop a business, huh? Well, you’re just in luck. This article will help you whether you are planning to start up new or have an existing business that you would like to expand. This is a step by step guide on how to start, improve, and expand a business while minimizing loss on your part. If you are starting new, please read this article carefully from the very beginning. For those, who already have an existing business and would like to improve or expand, the latter part of the article will be more useful.

Every business starts with an idea. You will find that throughout the article, I have emphasized the mental aspects of people rather than physical or financial aspects. Call me philosophical, but the mind is where everything happens. I have seen and experienced it time and time. When your mind is fully committed, there is literally nothing that you cannot do. Let’s begin.

Step 01: Find Your Passion

To start a business, you need to find out what it is that you are truly passionate about. “Why is that important”, you say? The answer is simple. You really do not want to get yourself stuck into a kind of work that you hate. There are plenty of planning and executing involved in a brand new business and if you are passionate about it, they would not feel like work at all compared to a kind of business you do not care for. After all, happiness is the end result of anything that we do in life.

Step 02: How to Sell It

Now that you have found your passion, let us figure out how to use it to bill people who are in need of the kind of service you can provide. Even though yours is the most ridiculous passion ever, believe me, there are millions of people who would be glad to have your services. As a matter of fact the stranger and more unique your passion is, the more likely you are to succeed simply because that type of business doesn’t exist yet. That also doesn’t mean that if your passion is something common or usual, you shouldn’t do it. Even if it is something common, if you really love it, you will always find ways to do things differently than the others and that itself is the winnerStep 03: The Planning

Write down your unique ideas and prepare a presentation. Take some time to do it. You should not rush this part. If a new idea comes while you are in the middle of the planning stage, do not hesitate to change. Edit and modify until you are fully satisfied and you can see a clear mental picture of your business.